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Knowing Your Child With Special Needs

Updated: Aug 10, 2022

Developmental delay, difficulty in communication, difficulty in attention, hyperactivity can be a sign of a child with special needs. Special need is not a disease, not an illness, it’s a condition that the child is born with. Many a times the symptoms start manifesting after 2 to 3 years of age. It doesn’t confirm that something wrong happened to them at that age, basically this is the age when we get to understand the difference more clearly. Here we would like to help you with the early symptoms of special needs. If you observe either of these symptoms are present, and these symptoms are significantly impacting their growth connect a mental health professional today.

  • Delay in reaching developmental milestones like crawling, sitting, standing, walking

  • Difficulty in following instruction

  • Difficulty in communicating basic needs

  • Reduced eye contact

  • Inability to sit at a single place for long

  • Constantly moving and running around

  • Reduced sense of pain, danger

  • Delay in Speech development

Whom to connect if you observe any of the above-mentioned symptoms in your child?

  1. You can connect your nearest Pediatrician

  2. Rehabilitation Psychologist

  3. Clinical Psychologist.

What happens if the child is suspected to have special needs by either of the above mentioned professionals?

  1. Psychological assessment of the child

  2. Medical tests, if required

Once confirmed to have special needs what parents need to do about it?

  1. Get the child admitted to a Special School or an Inclusive School, where the child can be guided by Special Educators

  2. If the child has got communication difficulty, consult a Speech therapist. Difficulty in communication doesn’t necessarily mean if the child can talk or not. Even though a child is verbal it’s important to understand if the child has difficulty in communication

  3. If the child has got sensory needs, get him/her assessed by an Occupational Therapist/Sensory Integration Therapist and if suggested continuing with regular OT sessions.

  4. If your child has difficulty in walking, standing, sitting or any postural challenge consult a Physiotherapist

  5. Consult a Psychiatrist/Neurologist if the child needs any medications for any related condition.

What to expect from this management process?

  • The management process works slowly

  • Do not expect a miracle

  • The improvement happens slowly

  • After 3 months you can expect to see visible changes in your child

Do not fall for people who commit that they will “cure” your child. Your child is not diseased, s/he needs training to be functionally independent.

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